All Languages Reported to the US Census and the American Community Survey < Back to Data Center

Click on a language to see the most current data available from the American Community Survey or Census 2000. Data are given for states in which a language is reported, the ages of speakers, and their reported ability to speak English. Data are not available for 2010 or 2000 for all languages. This list, formulated by the Census Bureau, combines languages reported to census enumerators with those languages identified as spoken in the United States in C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin’s Classification and Index of the World’s Languages (New York: Elsevier, 1977). To find out more about any language on this list, visit Ethnologue, an online index of the world’s languages.

Abnaki
Achinese
Achumawi
African languages
Afrikaans
Ahtena
Alabama
Albanian
Aleut
Algonquian
American Indian
Amharic
Apache
Arabic
Arapaho
Arawakian
Arikara
Armenian
Assamese
Athapascan
Atsina
Atsugewi
Aymara
Azerabaijani
Aztecan
Balinese
Balochi
Bantu
Basque
Bengali
Berber
Bielorussian
Bihari
Bikol
Bisayan
Blackfoot
Brahui
Breton
Buginese
Bulgarian
Burmese
Burushaski
Caddo
Cahuilla
Cajun
Cantonese
Carolinian
Catalonian
Caucasian
Cayuga
Chadic
Cham
Chamorro
Chasta Costa
Chemehuevi
Cherokee
Chetemacha
Cheyenne
Chibchan
Chinese
Chinook Jargon
Chiricahua
Chiwere
Choctaw
Chumash
Chuvash
Clallam
Coast Miwok
Cocomaricopa
Coeur D'Alene
Columbia
Comanche
Cowlitz
Cree
Croatian
Crow
Cupeno
Cushite
Czech
Dakota
Danish
Delaware
Delta River Yuman
Diegueno
Dravidian
Dutch
Efik
English
Eskimo
Estonian
Eyak
Faroese
Fijian
Finnish
Foothill No. Yokuts
Formosan
Fox
French
French Cree
French Creole
Frisian
Fuchow
Fulani
German
Gilbertese
Gondi
Gorontalo
Greek
Gujarathi
Gullah
Gur
Haida
Hakka
Han
Havasupai
Hawaiian
Hawaiian Pidgin
Hebrew
Hichita
Hidatsa
Hindi
Hmong
Hopi
Hungarian
Hupa
IIocano
Icelandic
India (not elsewhere classified)
Indonesian
Ingalit
Inupik
Irish Gaelic
Iroquois
Italian
Jamaican Creole
Japanese
Javanese
Jicarilla
Kachin
Kalispel
Kan, Hsiang
Kannada
Kansa
Karachay
Karakalpak
Karen
Karok
Kashmiri
Kashubian
Kawaiisu
Kazakh
Keres
Khoisan
Kickapoo
Kiowa
Kiowa-Apache
Kirghiz
Klamath
Koasati
Korean
Koyukon
Krio
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba
Kuchin
Kurdish
Kurukh
Kusaiean
Kutenai
Kwakiutl
Ladino
Laotian
Lapp
Lettish
Lithuanian
Lower Chehalis
Luiseno
Lusatian
Luxembourgian
Macedonian
Madurese
Makah
Malagasy
Malay
Malayalam
Mandan
Mandarin
Mande
Maori
Mapuche
Marathi
Marquesan
Marshallese
Mayan languages
Mbum (and Related)
Melanesian
Menomini
Miami
Miao-Mien
Micmac
Micronesian
Mikasuki
Minangkabau
Misumalpan
Mohave
Mohawk
Mokilese
Moluccan
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian
Mongolian
Mono
Mortlockese
Mountain Maidu
Munda
Muong
Muskogee
Nauruan
Navajo
Nepali
Nez Perce
Nilo-hamitic
Nilo-sharan
Nilotic
Niuean
Nomlaki
Nootka
Nootsack
Northern Paiute
Northwest Maidu
Norwegian
Nubian
Nukuoro
Ojibwa
Okanogan
Omaha
Oneida
Onondaga
Oriya
Osage
Ossete
Other Indo-European languages
Other specified languages
Oto - Manguen
Ottawa
Pachuco
Pacific Gulf Yupik
Paiute
Pakistan (not elsewhere classified)
Palau
Paleo-siberian
Pampangan
Panamint
Pangasinan
Panjabi
Papia Mentae
Pashto
Passamaquoddy
Patois
Patwin
Pawnee
Pennsylvania Dutch
Penobscot
Persian
Picuris
Pidgin
Pima
Plains Miwok
Polish
Polynesian
Pomo
Ponapean
Ponca
Portuguese
Potawatomi
Provencal
Puget Sound Salish
Quapaw
Quechua
Quinault
Rajasthani
Rarotongan
Rhaeto-omanic
Romanian
Romany
Russian
Sahaptian
Saharan
Salish
Samoan
San Carlos
Sandia
Santiam
Saramacca
Scottic Gaelic
Sebuano
Seneca
Serbian
Serbo-Croatian
Serrano
Shastan
Shawnee
Shoshoni
Sierra Miwok
Sindhi
Sinhalese
Siuslaw
Slovak
Slovene
Sonoran (not elsewhere classified)
Southern Maidu
Southern Paiute
Spanish
Spokane
St. Lawrence Is. Yupik
Sudanic
Sundanese
Swahili
Swedish
Syriac
Tachi
Tadzhik
Tagalog
Tamil
Tanacross
Tanaina
Tanana
Tarascan
Telugu
Tewa
Thai
Tibetan
Tillamook
Tiwa
Tlingit
Tokelauan
Tongan
Tonkawa
Towa
Trukese
Tsimshian
Tubatulabal
Tungus
Tupi-Guarani
Turkish
Turkmen
Tuscarora
Tutchone
Twana
Uighur
Ukrainian
Ulithean
Up River Yuman
Upland Yuman
Upper Chehalis
Upper Chinook
Upper Kuskokwim
Upper Tanana
Urdu
Ute
Vietnamese
Walapai
Wappo
Washo
Welsh
Wichita
Winnebago
Wintun
Wiyot
Woleai-Ulithi
Wu
Wyandot
Yakut
Yapese
Yaqui
Yavapai
Yiddish
Yuchi
Yuki
Yuma
Yupik
Yurok
Zuni

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