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Table 5

Placement of English PhDs by Sex and Year

  1979-80 1983-84 1991-92 1993-94 1996-97
  Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male
No. of PhDs reported 465 463 465 363 623 459 574 409 706 519
Percentage 50.1% 49.9% 56.2% 43.3% 57.6% 42.4% 58.4% 41.6% 57.6% 42.4%
Percent with unknown employment status 11.6% 7.1% 8.4% 8.0% 16.7% 8.3% 10.1% 8.3% 8.4% 4.4%
Teaching in higher education: 77.0% 79.7% 69.4% 77.6% 82.9% 82.4% 77.3% 79.7% 74.0% 70.8%
Tenure-track appointment 41.6% 48.4% 34.3% 45.5% 52.8% 49.6% 46.9% 44.5% 32.8% 37.7%
Full-time non-tenure-track appointment, renewable 16.1% 19.3% 18.5% 17.1% 12.9% 16.4% 11.2% 16.3% 18.4% 14.9%
Full-time non-tenure-track appointment, 1 yr 5.4% 6.0% 3.5% 5.4% 5.4% 8.6% 7.0% 6.4% 8.8% 6.7%
Part-time appointment 13.9% 6.0% 13.1% 9.6% 11.8% 7.8% 12.2% 12.5% 14.1% 11.5%
Subtotal all full-time teaching appointments 63.1% 73.7% 56.3% 68.0% 71.1% 74.6% 65.1% 67.2% 60.0% 59.3%
Subtotal all full-time non-tenure-track appointments 21.5% 25.3% 22.0% 22.5% 18.3% 25.0% 18.2% 22.7% 27.2% 21.6%
Subtotal all non-tenure-track appointments 35.4% 31.3% 35.1% 32.1% 30.1% 32.8% 30.4% 35.2% 41.3% 33.1%
Other higher education placement:                    
Postdoctoral fellowship 1.5% 3.0% 0.7% 0.3% 1.0% 1.0% 1.9% 1.7% 3.1% 3.8%
Academic administration 2.2% 2.3% 3.5% 1.5% 3.1% 2.6% 0.3% 2.3% 3.1% 2.2%
Employed outside higher education: 12.4% 11.7% 18.6% 13.8% 9.7% 6.3% 9.0% 6.9% 9.9% 12.3%
Secondary or elementary school teaching 4.1% 3.0% 5.2% 3.6% 3.9% 2.9% 2.5% 2.4% 2.8% 3.6%
Govt, for-profit, or not-for-profit organization 8.3% 8.7% 13.4% 10.2% 3.9% 2.9% 2.5% 2.4% 5.9% 7.1%
Self-employed 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.9% 0.5% 4.0% 2.1% 1.2% 1.6%
Not employed 7.1% 3.3% 9.9% 6.9% 6.4% 6.4% 11.4% 9.3% 8.8% 10.3%
Teaching, classification unknown - - - - - - - - 0.9% 0.6%
Basis for %s 411 430 426 334 519 421 375 516 647 496

Note: The numbers used to calculate placement percentages in Table 5 include all PhDs whose employment placements were reported as known.

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© 2014 Modern Language Association. Last updated 08/13/2003.