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Table 6

Placement of Foreign Language PhDs by Sex and Year

  1979-80 1983-84 1991-92 1993-94 1996-97
  Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male
No. of PhDs reported 353 315 313 273 356 278 406 298 412 303
Percentage 52.8% 47.2% 53.4% 46.6% 56.2% 43.8% 57.7% 42.3% 57.6% 42.4%
Percent with unknown employment status 11.3% 5.4% 6.4% 2.2% 13.5% 10.4% 5.9% 6.7% 6.55% 4.95%
Teaching in higher education: 76.2% 74.4% 70.6% 86.1% 85.4% 78.3% 78.0% 77.3% 74.8% 77.4%
Tenure-track appointment 39.3% 43.3% 37.9% 47.2% 52.6% 46.6% 44.6% 40.9% 36.7% 45.6%
Full-time non-tenure-track appointment, renewable 15.7% 15.1% 14.3% 19.1% 13.6% 13.7% 17.9% 17.8% 20.0% 16.1%
Full-time non-tenure-track appointment, 1 yr 4.5% 5.0% 7.8 9.0% 3.6% 7.2% 5.0% 8.3% 6.8% 10.3%
Part-time appointment 12.1% 7.0% 7.8% 5.6% 11.0% 4.0% 8.2% 8.0% 11.2% 5.4%
Subtotal all full-time teaching appointments 59.4% 63.4% 60.1% 75.3% 69.8% 67.5% 67.5% 67.0% 63.6% 72.0%
Subtotal all full-time non-tenure-track appointments 20.2% 20.1% 22.1% 28.1% 17.2% 20.9% 22.9% 26.1% 26.8% 26.4%
Subtotal all non-tenure-track appointments 32.3% 27.1% 29.9% 33.7% 28.2% 24.9% 31.1% 34.1% 38.1% 31.8%
Other higher education placement:                    
Postdoctoral fellowship 1.0% 2.3% 1.4% 2.6% 1.9% 2.8% 1.8% 1.4% 1.6% 1.9%
Academic administration 1.9% 3.4% 1.4% 2.6% 1.6% 1.2% 0.3% 0.7% 1.1% 1.1%
Employed outside higher education: 18.2% 20.5% 20.5% 12.0% 8.8% 13.7% 12.3% 12.2% 9.0% 8.8%
Secondary or elementary school teaching 5.4% 5.7% 5.8% 3.4% 2.9% 3.2% 3.7% 3.3% 3.3% 3.4%
Govt, for-profit, or not-for-profit organization 12.8% 14.8% 14.7% 8.6% 5.9% 10.5% 8.6% 8.9% 4.9% 5.0%
Self-employed - - - - - - 5.2% 4.7% 0.8% 0.4%
Not employed 7.3% 3.4% 8.9% 1.9% 5.8% 8.0% 9.7% 10.4% 10.7% 8.0%
Tenure-track part-time appointment - - - - - - - - 0.0% 0.4%
Teaching, classification unknown - - - - - - - - 2.7% 2.3%
Basis for %s 313 298 293 267 313 298 379 276 385 288

Note: The numbers used to calculate placement percentages in Table 6 include all PhDs whose employment placements were reported as known.

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© 2014 Modern Language Association. Last updated 08/13/2003.