Table 3

Placement of English PhDs, 1976–77 to 1996–97: Findings from Ten MLA Studies

  

 1976–77

 1977–78

 1978–79

 1979–80

 1981–82

 1983–84

 1986-87

 1991–92

 1993–94

 1996–97

 Tenure-track position

 46.4%

 46.9%

 44.8%

 45.1%

 43.1%

 39.2%

 49.0%

 51.1%

 45.9%

 35.0%

 Non-tenure-track position (full-time)

 20.2%

 22.3%

 20.4%

 23.4%

 22.7%

 22.2%

 25.7%

 21.5%

 20.2%

 24.7%

 Non-tenure-track position (part-time)

 11.4%

 11.4%

 11.7%

 9.9%

 10.9%

 11.6%

 8.7%

 10.3%

 12.3%

 13.0%

 Postdoctoral fellowship

 0.9%

 1.3%

 0.9%

 2.3%

 0.9%

 0.5%

 1.8%

 0.9%

 1.8%

 3.4%

 Academic administration

 0.0%

 0.0%

 2.7%

 2.3%

 3.1%

 2.6%

 2.8%

 2.8%

 1.5%

 2.7%

 Placement outside higher education

 10.0%

 11.1%

 14.2%

 12.0%

 14.2%

 15.3%

 6.8%

 7.1%

 7.8%

 11.7%

 Not employed

 11.2%

 7.0%

 5.3%

 5.1%

 5.1%

 8.6%

 5.3%

 6.3%

 10.5%

 9.4%

 Basis for %s

 1,004

 1,026

 873

 841

 742

 760

 681

 961

 895

 1,144

Note: The numbers of PhDs used to calculate the placement percentages given in Table 3 count all PhDs whose employment placements were reported as known.