Table 4

Placement of Foreign Language PhDs, 1976–77 to 1996–97: Findings from Ten MLA Studies

  

 1976–77

 1977–78

 1978–79

 1979–80

 1981–82

 1983–84

 1986–87

 1991–92

 1993–94

 1996–97

 Tenure-track position

 46.0%

 43.3%

 39.0%

 41.2%

 34.8%

 41.4%

 49.8%

 48.8%

 42.7%

 40.1%

 Non-tenure-track position (full-time)

 18.7%

 20.0%

 18.4%

 20.1%

 28.4%

 25.1%

 24.7%

 20.9%

 24.5%

 25.9%

 Non-tenure-track position (part-time)

 9.5%

 8.5%

 8.9%

 9.7%

 10.2%

 7.2%

 4.9%

 8.6%

 8.4%

 8.3%

 Postdoctoral fellowship

 1.2%

 2.0%

 2.2%

 1.6%

 1.3%

 1.9%

 2.2%

 2.2%

 1.7%

 1.9%

 Academic administration

 0.0%

 0.0%

 3.1%

 2.6%

 2.6%

 2.6%

 2.2%

 1.4%

 0.5%

 1.3%

 Placement outside higher education

 13.6%

 15.8%

 20.3%

 19.3%

 16.7%

 16.1%

 13.1%

 11.0%

 12.2%

 9.2%

 Not employed

 11.0%

 10.4%

 8.1%

 5.4%

 6.0%

 5.8%

 3.3%

 6.7%

 10.0%

 10.1%

 Basis for %s

 674

 691

 675

 611

 532

 573

 450

 584

 662

 673

Note: The numbers of PhDs used to calculate the placement percentages given in Table 4 include all PhDs whose employment placements were reported as known.